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Boom Years

Otto Mears: Pathfinder of the San Juans

When: 1840 – 1931 Where: Born in Russia and came to America at the age of 11. Why Important: Built 450 miles of toll roads that later became most of the modern roads in southwestern Colorado.  He also built three railroads in the San Juan Mountains that helped develop the area’s mining wealth. Biography Otto Mears was […]

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Boom Years

Casimiro Barela: Perpetual Senator

When: 1847 – 1920 Where: Moved from New Mexico to Trinidad, and then to Barela, Colorado Why Important: Barela served as a territorial legislator, helped write the  Colorado Constitution, and represented Colorado as a senator for thirty-seven years Biography Casimiro was born in New Mexico in 1847. It was still part of Mexico at  that time. One […]

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Boom Years

Molly Brown: Suffragist, Socialite and Adventurer

When: 1867-1932 Where: Born in Missouri, lived in Leadville and Denver Why Important: Maggie Brown traveled frequently, gave time and money to charity, sought women’s suffrage, and was a survivor of the Titanic disaster. Biography Margaret Brown was born of July 18, 1867. Her friends and family called her Maggie; she was not known as Molly until after […]

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Boom Years

Ellis Meredith, Suffragist and Activist

When: 1865 – 1955 Where: Born in Montana, moved to Denver Why Important: Prominent journalist, suffragist, activist in the temperance movement. She was known as ‘the Susan B. Anthony of Colorado’ for her hard work in promoting women’s rights. Biography Ellis Meredith was born in Bozeman, Montana in 1865. Her mother, Emily R. Meredith was a well-known […]

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Boom Years

Mary Hauck Elitch Long, Founder of Elitch’s Zoological Gardens

When: 1865 – 1936 Where: Born in Philadelphia, moved to California, then Durango, Colorado and finally to Denver Why Important: Mary was the first woman to run a zoo during a time when women did not have political or economic power. Biography Mary Hauck was born May 10, 1865 in Philadelphia. Her family moved to California where […]

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Boom Years

Emily Griffith: Educator

When: 1868 – 1947 Where: Born in Cincinnati, moved to Denver in 1894 Why Important: She believed that everyone had a right to  education. She founded The Emily Griffith Opportunity School, which helped make this possible for many people in Denver. Biography Emily Griffith was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on February 10, 1868. She  grew up poor. […]

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Boom Years

Isabella Bird: Adventurer and Travel Writer

When: 1831-1904 Where: Estes Park, CO Why Important: An avid adventurer and best-selling travel writer Biography Isabella Bird became a great writer. Her books were about the places around the world to which she traveled. She survived some tough situations like bad weather and other harsh conditions, which was unusual for women back in those days. She […]

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Boom Years

Mary Rippon: Educator

When: 1850-1935 Where: Born in Illinois, she moved to Boulder, Colorado, in 1878 Why Important: She was one of, if not the first woman faculty member at a state university Biography In 1878, in the first year of the newly founded University of Colorado in Boulder, a most important event took place. Mary Rippon arrived to teach […]

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Boom Years

Mother Cabrini: The First American Saint

When: 1850-1917 Where: Golden, CO Why Important: The First American Saint Biography Francesca Saverio Cabrini was born in Sant’Angelo Lodigiano Lombardy, Italy, one of eleven children. She became a nun in 1877 in Italy and in 1880 founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus with six other sisters. In 1889 Pope Leo XIII sent […]

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Boom Years

Enos Mills: Father of Rocky Mountain National Park

When: 1870-1922 Where: Estes Park, CO Why Important: Responsible for the creation of Rocky Mountain National Park Biography Born in Kansas, Enos Mills left home at age 14 and traveled to Estes Park, Colorado, where some of his relatives lived. He fell in love with the mountains and in Colorado found his new home. For the next […]

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Boom Years

Anne Evans: Supporter of the Arts

When: 1871-1941 Where: Denver and Evergreen, CO Why Important: Devoted her life to arts and culture in Colorado Biography Anne Evans was born to one of Denver’s pioneering families. Her father, John Evans, came to Denver from Illinois in 1862 and served as Colorado’s second Territorial Governor, appointed by Abraham Lincoln. Anne’s brother William served as President of […]

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Boom Years

Charles Boettcher: Denver Businessman

When: 1852-1948 Where: Born in Germany and moved first to Wyoming, then to Denver Why Important: Important Denver Businessman, scion of Boettcher Family whose foundation gives millions to Colorado civic projects Biography One of Colorado’s most successful early businessmen, Charles Boettcher (pronounced Bet- cher) left Germany for the United States in 1869. He was 17 years old. […]

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Boom Years

Katharine Lee Bates: Songwriter

When: 1859 – 1929 Where: Lived briefly in Colorado Springs Why Important: Wrote “America the Beautiful” Biography Katharine Lee Bates only spent one summer living in Colorado, but that year she wrote the words to one of the United States’ most famous patriotic songs, “America the Beautiful.” At the time she wrote the song, in 1893, […]

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Boom Years

Elizabeth “Baby Doe” McCourt Tabor: Colorado’s Silver Queen

When: 1854 – 1935 Where: Born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin and moved to Colorado. Why Important: Baby Doe rose from a simple life to become “The Silver Queen” of Colorado. Baby Doe was known for her beauty, outgoing personality, and drive to become famous. Biography Baby Doe was born Elizabeth Bonduel McCourt in 1854 in Wisconsin. She was […]

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Boom Years

Sadie Likens: Denver’s First Police Matron

When: 1840 – 1920 Where: Born in Ohio, lived in Wisconsin, settled in Denver, Colorado. Why Important: Sadie was Denver’s first police matron. She came to the rescue of abused women and children. Biography Sadie Likens was born Sarah Jane Morehouse on July 14, 1840 in Trenton, Ohio. When Likens was nineteen she married a farmer named […]

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Boom Years

Horace Tabor: The Silver King

When: 1830 – 1899 Where: Born in Holland, Vermont, moved to Kansas and then to Colorado Why Important: Horace was a hard working person who rose from a stone-cutter to become one of Colorado’s wealthiest men. Biography Horace Tabor was born in Holland, Vermont on November 26, 1830. He grew up to become a stone-cutter. He married […]

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Boom Years

Augusta Tabor: Entrepreneur

When: 1833 – 1895 Where: Born in Maine, moved to Kansas, and then to Colorado Why Important: Augusta successfully ran businesses, owned real estate, and carefully managed her money at a time when few women were allowed to be involved in financial and business matters. Biography Augusta Louise Pierce was born March 29, 1833 in Maine. She […]

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Boom Years

Mary Antoinette Perry-Frueauff: Actress and Humanitarian

When: 1888-1946 Where: Born and raised in Denver, CO Why Important: Actress and Humanitarian; The Tony Award is named after her Biography Antoinette (Tony) Perry-Frueauff was born and raised in Denver. She became well-known in theater as a leading actress and director who opened doors for other women directors. She was an activist and humanitarian, which means […]

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Boom Years

Minnie J. Reynolds Scalabrino: Activist

When: 1865 – 1936 Where: Born in New York, moved to Denver Why Important: Minnie was a successful women’s rights activist who founded the Denver Woman’s Club and the Denver Women’s Press Club. Biography Born in Norwood, New York, in 1865, Minnie J. Reynolds later became a famous women’s rights activist. In 1890, she moved to Denver […]

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Boom Years

Elizabeth Piper Ensley: Activist

When: 1848 – 1919 Where: Born in the Caribbean, moved to Boston, then Washington, D.C., and finally to Denver Why Important: Ensley was an activist for women’s suffrage and equality. Biography Elizabeth Ensley was born in the Caribbean. She moved to Boston in the 1870s. She helped create a library in the city and became a […]

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Boom Years

William “Buffalo Bill” Cody: Showman of the Wild West

When: 1846 – 1917 Where: Born in Iowa, traveled the western United States, and died in Denver. Why Important: Buffalo Bill was an American soldier, bison hunter, and showman Biography William F. Cody was born in Iowa on February 26, 1846. At the age of eleven, Cody left home to herd cattle. He also worked as a […]