Touring Colorado's Collections

Touring Colorado’s Collections: Historical Publications from the State of Colorado


You may not realize that one of the State Library’s own divisions is a treasure trove of historical information on Colorado. The State Publications Library was founded in 1980 to ensure the accessibility of all state government publications in perpetuity. The library’s collection includes publications from every state agency, dating from Territorial days to the present. In recent years the library has been engaged in digitizing many of its historical print documents, so that a wide variety of resources on Colorado history are now accessible to anyone. These documents can be explored in the library’s digital repository and many are now also available in the Digital Public Library of America.

What are some of the things you can find in the State Publications Library’s digital collection? Our collection contains state-issued reports on a variety of topics such as agriculture, education, elections, health, natural resources, taxes, etc. We have publications from the Legislature and from the state Supreme Court. And so much more.

One of our most frequently-accessed publications is the Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the state’s old name for the Department of Education. This serial, dating from 1870 to 1964, provides updates and information on the state’s public schools and districts. Anyone researching Colorado schools should be sure to view these reports. We also have Course of Study books that outline the curricula used in Colorado schools in the early 1900s.

The library also has digitized a number of past governors’ speeches. One of the most interesting is from 1905. During the previous November election, the two candidates for governor, Alva Adams and James Peabody, were both accused of obtaining fraudulent votes, so the governorship went to Lt. Governor Jesse McDonald in what became known as Colorado’s “three governors in a day” scandal. The speeches of Peabody and Adams provide fascinating first-person accounts of the controversy.

In Colorado’s early days, mining was a major part of the Colorado economy. We have hundreds of mining and geology reports from the early 1900s available online, including reports of the state coal mine inspector, which detail some of the hazardous working conditions the miners experienced. A report of the special investigation into the Ludlow Massacre in 1914 is also available.

Another popular topic is Colorado’s amazing wildlife. Included in the library’s digital collection is everything from birdwatching guides to publications that teach kids about wildlife. Arthur Carhart’s Report of Sage Grouse Survey from 1941 is one of our early wildlife publications.

The library also has thousands of research publications from state colleges and universities, especially Colorado State University and the University of Colorado at Boulder, available online. We also have digitized publications from the State Historical Society, such as this 1972 brochure about the old state museum, as well as one of our most popular items, Baker and Hafen’s 1927 five-volume History of Colorado.

The documents listed here are but a very small sample of the thousands of digital publications available from the State Publications Library. While the library has been digitizing historical publications, those documents that are “born digital” today are also being added to our repository, ensuring that the current information that is tomorrow’s “history” will be available online for generations to come.

Old highway maps, like this one from 1942, are available online from the State Publications Library.
Learning Technology

The Digital Learning Edge


Script for: The Digital Learning Edge:  Tools, Privacy, Security

Digital Learning Tools Resources

CDE Data Privacy & Security Department

State of Colorado Digital Learning Day Proclamation 2018 Governor Hickenlooper


We must prepare our students for the un-imagined future by providing opportunities to fail, adapt, and persevere. As the future continually unfolds, they must be able to understand how to apply processes that allow for problem identification, solution design, and experimentation for success. Mastering the components of digital literacy provides the foundation for this knowledge.

There are many definitions that encompass the meaning, impact, and the importance of Digital Literacy in today’s educational environment.  We define Digital Literacy as:

  • The ability to use digital technology, communication tools or networks to locate, evaluate, use, construct, and express information.
  • The ability to understand and use information in multiple formats from a wide range of sources when it is presented via computational devices.
  • A person’s ability to perform tasks effectively in a digital environment.
  • Digital Literacy includes the ability to read and interpret media and to evaluate and apply new knowledge gained from digital environments.

“Technology will not replace great teachers, but technology in the hands of great teachers can be transformational.”   

George Curos           



Digital Presentation Tools

As the saying goes – So many tools, So little time! Creating a list of digital presentation tools is an ongoing task. Here is just a beginning list of the many tools available to educators. Hopefully, you will find one that will suit your needs and your students’ needs.

Remember that if a student is creating an account, there may be age limits or other requirements. Data Privacy and Personally Identifiable Information, (PII) is a concern. Be aware of FERPA too – Do’s and Don’ts for Teachers.  Here are some guidelines and questions to ask when using new digital tools and creating accounts  – Connect Safely.  Also, check with your school or district policies and procedures regarding vetting digital tools for use with your students.

Here we go!

Common Sense Media – There might be some overlap of tools at this site – however, the list is one of the best I have seen!

Adobe Spark’s  design features capture visuals and turns them into social graphics, web stories, flyers, and animated videos and more! It can be used on a desktop or IOS device.

Animoto:  Photos and video can be put together in a professional looking presentation with your own style and music. Customize your photos and videos with text and get ready to present.

Canva is a tool for creating presentations, resumes, graphic design pages, or editing photos online. There is a useful design school section with tutorials, teaching materials and design courses to help users learn more about graphic design.

Go Animate: In less than 5 minutes, you can easily create a professional looking animated video that’ll tell your story out loud. It’s ideal for the classroom because it serves up information in a unique and engaging way, that’ll keep students interested. And, the unlimited subscriptions mean you’ll have complete access to unlimited creation, hosting and download.

Haiku Deck is a cross-platform, (Laptop, Desktop,  iPad, iPhone, and Android) slideshow presentation tool that uses amazing layouts/fonts for engaging slides. There is access to over 40 million Creative Commons licensed images and you can also integrate it with Google Classroom!

Photo Peach is an online presentation tool for students for creating slideshows using photos. Students can add background music and text to enrich their slides and easily drag and drop their images in place.

Powtoon is an online presentation tool where you can create animated comic style presentations. It has graphic templates to use that you add your text along with your own voiceovers. Presentations can be exported to YouTube, Vimeo and, even PowerPoint.

Prezi  This one has been around for awhile, however, Prezi keeps reinventing itself. Take a look at the updated features – presentations feature a map-like, schematic overview that lets users pan among topics at will, zoom in and out on desired details, and pull back to reveal context. Videos and images can be added to your own design or you can use Prezi templates.

Thinglink is a tool that creates presentations based on interactive images that are embedded with rich media links. Users can embed audio and video links that pop out from pictures to visually tell a story. One great feature is the ability to create interactive 360° image tours that can be viewed on mobile virtual reality headsets.

Vectr is a free graphics editor that students can use to make imagery and then download for presentations, websites and other projects. The desktop and web app has builtin help tutorials for students too!

Voki  Fun and engaging presentations are created by adding the customizable Voki characters, audio, and images. You will need Adobe Flash 9 for the free version. Paid versions are available too.

There’s more!  Visit Common Sense Media’s Students Presenting  My favorites here are Explain Everything, Educreations, Shadow Puppet, ChatterPix, Showme…OK, the list goes on and on! Check out the video to the left and Have Fun!


Any information or statement about any vendor or application linked or described on this site or any links to other websites, services, or third-party applications does not indicate or constitute an endorsement or affiliation of such vendor or application by the Colorado Department of Education.  Access and use of any and all linked sites, applications, or vendors is solely at your own risk.  All user purchases of any application or related services are directly between the user (you) and the applicable vendor, and not with the Colorado Department of Education. It is the responsibility of the user (you) to obtain any and all necessary rights and permissions, including any requirements of use per the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), and Colorado HB 16-1423 Student Data Transparency and Security Act (PDF).

Colorado Historic Newspapers CSL News

CHNC Reaches Millionth Page Milestone

Growth of Database Causes Great Excitement.  New Titles Added – More Counties Represented.

DENVER COLORADO.  August 13, 2017 — Although careful planning and hard work have brought them to this place, the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC) Team rejoiced as they added the one millionth digitized page of historic Colorado newspaper content to their free online database.  The Team – lead by Leigh Jeremias, and enlisting the manpower of digitization specialists spanning three continents, reached this mammoth milestone in the service’s 14th year of existence  – and have never been prouder.

The auspicious millionth page came from the Montrose Daily Press, Volume XII, Number 247, April 21, 1921, which is part of a digitization project supported by Montrose Regional Library District.

In the past two years, the database has grown by over 350,000 pages of digitized newspapers, thanks to the efforts of our partner organizations – the archives, libraries, museums, historical societies, genealogical societies, and private individuals within the state.  They have provided the funding to digitize the microfilm or hard copy newspapers near and dear to their hearts, thus helping to preserve the unique voice of their local communities.  Without their efforts, we could never have achieved this outstanding result.

In November of 2015, the CHNC underwent a face lift and platform change, incorporating more functionality and engagement features into the interface that not only allowed for better searching and discovery, but promoted crowd sourcing OCR (Optical Character Recognition) correction and community sharing.  We believe that this new interface, provided by our partner Veridian, has a lot to do with the surge in new content as well.

The Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection began as a grant funded project in 2003. With the initial grant funding, roughly 97,000 pages of historic Colorado newspapers were digitized and hosted online in a database specifically designed for the purpose.  It has been a long journey to reach our current status, but it was a labor of love, and we look forward to adding the next million pages to be shared with Colorado residents, teachers, students, researchers, and the world.

To learn more about the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection, visit our website at  To learn how you can get involved, contact Leigh Jeremias at

CHNC logo

Digital Colorado

Small Grants Available for Digitization and Preservation

Each year two Colorado granting agencies, Statewide Internet Portal Authority (SIPA) and the Colorado Historic Records Advisory Board (CHRAB), offer small grants that fund a wide variety of digital projects, but each program allows for the submission of digitization and preservation projects.  Many institutions have been awarded grant funds for the digitization of historic newspapers.


Statewide Internet Portal Authority Micro-Grant program just opened this year’s grant applications.  This grant program is designed for state and local governments, special districts and public education in Colorado to put more information and services online.  Over $100,000 is awarded each year and awarded funds range from $1,000-$6,500.

Awards will be given at the 6th annual SIPA User Conference and Grant Ceremony on April 18, 2017.


The Colorado Historical Records Advisory Board, Historical Records Preservation Grant Program enables organizations to request funding for a wide variety of projects, including digitization, preservation needs, disaster planning, improving accessibility to collections and purchasing supplies. Special consideration will be given to projects that involve digital or electronic records.

CHRAB, using funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC), will announce their 2017 grant round information in mid-December 2016.  In 2016 applications were due January 26, 2016 and awardees were notified by February 15, 2016. CHRAB awarded grants up to $5,000.  Last year’s guidelines can be found here but please make sure to check back for updated 2017 information.

Please Note:  CHRAB applicants will be required to contribute the 25{66eaadba41c14e7e553ffe7a4ee73fbae213b19704eda0514b3dd79e37e4c0c5} matching or in-kind funds. Eligible institutions may be public or private, and preference will be given to smaller institutions with a demonstrated need for funding. All of the grants will adhere to NHPRC’s general grant guidelines.

You can connect with CHRAB on Facebook, or email CHRAB to receive updates on grant activities and other news concerning historical institutions.

Don’t miss out on these great small grant opportunities.


Enduring Web Design Mistakes

The Nielsen Norman Group is one of the world’s leading user research firms, and they recently completed a study of more than 40 websites in the US and UK to compile a new list of the “Top 10 Enduring Web-Design Mistakes.” Unfortunately, as their title hints, the list is new but web designers have been making these same mistakes for years:

  1. Unexpected Locations for Content: navigation links that don’t give users a clear idea of what they will find by clicking them.
  2. Competing Links & Categories: navigation links that are too similar, leaving users to guess which ones contain the information they need.
  3. Islands of Information: information scattered around the site, rather than grouped together in a logical way.
  4. Repetitive Links: frustratingly long series of clicks to get to information users are looking for.
  5. Hidden Fees & Prices
  6. Stranding Users on Microsites: topic- or organization-based subsites or sections that don’t allow users to easily return to the parent site.
  7. Poor Search Results
  8. Flawed Filters & Facets
  9. Overwhelming Users with Information
  10. Hidden Links: links in text or navigation that look more like images, ads, or headings rather than links.

Based on my own experience, library websites in particular tend to have useful content in unexpected locations (#1), and often overwhelm users with information (#9). Especially with the proliferation of vendor-hosted online resources, library website users often get stranded on microsites (#6) and have to range widely for information scattered about different pages, sections, and sometimes domains (#3).

Some of these problems are more difficult to solve than others, but all can be addressed to make your life, and your patrons’ lives, easier. If you think your library’s website may suffer from one or more of these errors, but are unsure how to fix them, contact me and I would be glad to consult with you about ways to make your website more useable.

Plains to Peaks Collective

Digital Collections Planning Group, Meeting Notes, August 2016

The Digital Collections Planning Group met on August 1, 2016.  The following areas were discussed:

Updates from previous meeting

  • MPLA/CALCON16: Information about the DPLA and our hub efforts will be shared at the Colorado State library booth at the MPLA/CAL Conference being held in Loveland, October 20 – 22nd.  A few representatives from the DCPG will assist with the DPLA section of the booth.
  • Working groups progress:
    • The Metadata Working Group has started a working doc to establish the fields that will be used by our hub. Research into other state hubs was done to establish a starting point. The next steps include drafting best practices and examples for each field.
    • The Technology Working Group met for the first time in late June.  Work has continued on a Library Linked Data/BIBFRAME-based  pilot spearheaded by Colorado College.  Test records have been supplied by working group members.
  • Funding:  The group’s funding research was reviewed and discussed.  More potential funding sources were discussed and added to the list of possible sources.  More decisions need to be made about the hub structure before these possibilities can be acted upon.  

Colorado Wyoming Digital Landscape Survey

The group reviewed and discussed the survey results.  We had 144 responses from cultural heritage organizations in Colorado and Wyoming.  The results reveal that many institutions are in favor of a DPLA service hub.  The results also reveal that our states have many resources at hand including equipment and expertise, that many of the respondents are willing to share.  The information discovered from the survey will guide our hub structure.

Next Steps

  • Map out hub structure and include different scenarios based on potential hub resources.
  • Create descriptions of highlight collections to be used for Hub application and potential funding applications.
  • Next meeting is scheduled for late September with DPLA staff.
Plains to Peaks Collective

Digital Collections Planning Group, Meeting Notes, June 2016

The Digital Collections Planning Group (DCPG) met on June 15, 2016. (Learn more about this group) The group discussed following:

Updates from previous meeting

  • Prior to submitting a DPLA Hub application the group is required to meet with DPLA staff.  The group will be meeting with Emily Gore, DPLA Director of Content on September 27, 2016 to discuss the hub application process and a Colorado and Wyoming Service Hub structure.
  • Working groups have been formed and include representation from outside of the DCPG.  These groups are:
    • Metadata – This group will work on determining metadata standards and mapping as they relate to Co/Wy Service Hub and DPLA. The group will also determine metadata crosswalks from various systems and standards as well as data clean-up workflows.
    • Technology – This group will work on determining the most appropriate havestor/aggregator tool as it relates to Co/Wy service hub and DPLA. They will also work on testing and implementation of tool and determine gathering of metadata and ingest workflows.
  • Trevor Owens, IMLS Program Coordinator has agreed to speak with the DCPG about two possible IMLS proposal.


It was determined that a Colorado and Wyoming digital landscape survey would help inform decisions on the structure of the Co/Wy Service Hub.  The questions are meant to offer insight into the nature of digital collections and the digital resources available in both states.  A draft list of questions was sent out prior to the meeting.  During the meeting the questions were discussed and agreed upon.

Next Steps

  • Evaluate resources and services that may be needed for a Co/Wy Service Hub.
  • Potential Funding sources will be further invested by members of the group. Findings will be presented at the next meeting.
  • The Colorado and Wyoming Digital Landscape Inventory survey will be sent out prior to the next meeting with results presented at that time.
Plains to Peaks Collective

Digital Collections Planning Group Meeting Notes, May 2016

The Digital Collections Planning Group (DCPG) met for the first time on May 2, 2016. (Learn more about this group) The group initiated conversation in the following areas:

Structure of Colorado Wyoming Service Hub

While there in no one-size-fits-all-states service hub model for the DPLA, there are many things that can be learned from and adapted from other state service hubs. The DCPG discussed three different state models; the Mountain West Digital Library, the Pennsylvania Digital Collections Project for DPLA and the Empire State Digital Network. Key areas of further discussion and research for our service hub arose from this discussion.

  • Funding and Sustainability – this includes current and future funding, staffing, institutional commitment, in-kind support, and membership models
  • Partnerships and Participation – this includes levels of participations, services provided, participant roles and breadth of institutional representation
  • Metadata and Technology – Metadata standards, inventory of systems currently used and development of aggregation tool

Application Overview

Service hub applications are accepted by the DPLA on a rolling basis. The DCPG is required to meet with DPLA Director of Content prior to the submission of a service hub application. We have tentatively set a meeting for September 27, 2016. The service hub application can be found here.

Shared Goals

The DCPG began a discussion on shared core goals for a Colorado Wyoming Service Hub. Key goals that rose to the top include:

  • Increase access to Colorado and Wyoming collections by making them accessible on a national level
  • Become a conduit to DPLA
  • Level the digital collection playing field by providing services to smaller institutions
  • Enhance cultural tourism

Next Steps

  • Working groups will be established to address key service hub structures
  • Identify possible funding sources
  • Create a state assets inventory

If you want more information about the DCPG contact Leigh Jeremias, Digital Collections Coordinator, Colorado State Library,

Plains to Peaks Collective

Colorado Wyoming Digital Collections Planning Group: Overview

Libraries, archives and museums all hold pieces of Colorado and Wyoming’s rich cultural history. Both states have a long history of sharing these stories with a wide audience through their digital collections.  It is the goal of the Digital Collections Planning Group (DCPG) to share these collections together on a national platform.

On November 13, 2014 members of Colorado and Wyoming’s library, museum and archival communities came together and determined that the two states were ready to share their unique digital collections.  It was also decided that the best vehicle for sharing would be the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA). (Learn more about this meeting here: Nov. 13, 2014 Meeting agenda, notes and slides (2))

The DCPG is made up of representatives from large and small libraries (public and academic), museums and archives from different geographic regions in both states.  On May 2, 2016 the DCPG met for the first time to begin planning for a DPLA Service Hub. DPLA service hubs are state, regional, or other collaborations that host, aggregate, or otherwise bring together digital objects from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural heritage institutions.

DCPG Working Groups

We have identified working groups to address and work through the specifics of becoming a DPLA Service Hub.

The DCPG will meet every six weeks to formulate plans for staffing, funding models and partnerships.

Members from the DCPG and the surrounding community will meet to address harvesting, aggregator platform and technology management.

Members from the DCPG and the surrounding community will meet to address standards, rights, remediation and workflow.

Leigh Jeremias
Digital Collections Coordinator
Colorado State Library

Resource Sharing

Spotlight on Sharing: CVL Shares!

We’ve had a lot of new visitors to Colorado Virtual Library lately. If this is your first visit, welcome! We hope you keep coming back to read new and interesting content.

CVL is the product of contributions by many members of the Colorado State Library, and even though we all have different specialties, one thing we all love is sharing resources. Here are a few of our favorite resource sharing posts.

How and where to get free images for your website

Every image you find online is fair game to post on your website, right? Not so. Learn how to find good images that you can safely use without running the risk of copyright infringement.

6 things you can do to make your website more accessible

You wouldn’t build a library that didn’t have a wheelchair ramp, so why design a website without considering accessibility? This post gives you tips on improving your website to make it easier for screen-readers and other adaptive technologies.

Take advantage of E-rate funding

If you’re a small or rural library, you might be considering applying for E-rate funding to expand your broadband capacity. The application process can be cumbersome, but in this post we provide some hints that can make it a little easier.

Free backchannel chat service

CVL has lots of free resources for teacher librarians and students. This post is an introduction to TodaysMeet, a free app for having discussions during class. Who said that passing notes had to be a bad thing? Try it in the classroom or in your next meeting to extend the conversation.

Send group text messages with Remind app

Here’s another resource that is appropriate for everyone, and especially teachers. Many of us prefer to communicate via text, but what if you want to text a large group, like parents, without giving out your cell number? This post gives an overview of Remind, a group text app.

Free online resources

Here’s a fun one: a big ol’ collection of all kinds of free resources, organized by category. Whether you’re looking to replace an existing tool or just want to know what’s new in the world of free stuff, there’s something here for everyone and every skill level.

Do you like what you see? Remember to subscribe on the right-hand side of the page to receive new posts like these in your email.

This post is part of our Spotlight on Sharing series, which aims to increase the visibility of resource sharing in Colorado. How is YOUR library sharing? Let us know by filling out this super short form. If you’re on Twitter, tweet @hitchlib or use the hashtag #spotlightonsharing.

Resource Sharing Technology

Techie Thomas Jefferson Resources

Thanks to Casey Veatch, CSL’s Digital Literacy Instructional Specialist, for collecting and annotating these resources.

In honor of Thomas Jefferson’s birthday, here are some digital resources for the historian in all of us.

Too Late to Apologize: A Declaration

This AMAZING video project uses the “product placement” of primary sources into a remake of One Republic’s hit single, Apologize. If you haven’t seen the video, watch it! It is well worth the 3 minutes.

Colonial Williamsburg: Games, Puzzles, & Interactive Features

This informative website features many online and off-line interactive activities related to Williamsburg, VA. There is something here for all age levels.

Visit the website.

Online Activity: Rewriting the Rough Draft of the Declaration of Independence

This awesome primary source activity from the Library of Congress looks at every aspect of rough drafts of the Declaration of Independence.

Visit the website.

The Monticello Classroom

Lesson plans, activities, and other teacher resources on Thomas Jefferson and Monticello.

Visit the website.

Thomas Jefferson: A Resource Guide

The entire collection of digital documents from the Library of Congress about Thomas Jefferson.  Included is over 40 years of weather reports and his personal observations of a solar eclipse.

Visit the website.

Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power / by Jon Meacham

Casey’s favorite biography of our 3rd president.

More information.

Colorado Historic Newspapers

New News for Lake County!

Herald democrat masthead

The Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC) will be adding additional Lake County content during the next few months.  This new content is brought to you by the Lake County Public Library who is adding a total of 70,000 pages of the Herald Democrat (Leadville) from 1900 to 1919.  The years 1900 to 1908 have been added in the last few weeks and the remaining 11 years will be coming soon.

The Herald Democrat, a morning daily, was formed in 1885 by the merger of papers therald democrathe Leadville Herald and the Leadville Democrat.   Owner C.C. Davis, a leading newspaper man in Leadville, published the first issue on December 12, 1885.  Davis’ health declined in 1895 and he sold his papers to buyers who formed the Leadville Publishing & Printing Company.  One of the new owners was Simon Guggenheim, whose father Meyer Guggenheim amassed part of the family fortune in mining and smelting in Leadville.  The paper changed hands many times over the years but it is still published today.  

around the cityThe Lake County Public Library has been committed to adding Lake County historic newspapers to CHNC for the past 9 years.  Along with a bequest from a past president, they have raised money every year for the project. The public library serves hundreds of researchers each year and newspapers are a very important part of helping those researchers.  Janice Fox, Local History Coordinator for the library, noted that the public library’s microfilm collection has received “much use over the years but the ability to search for a name or event is invaluable.”  The addition of these valuable issues will bring the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection to over 800,000 pages of historic Colorado newspaper content.  We are excited for the additions and we hope you are too.  Happy searching!  

If you would like to know how you can add your local newspaper content to CHNC contact me at

Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection

Resource Sharing Technology

Free online resources

The web abounds with resources for learning, productivity, and sharing. Here are some of our favorite free online tools—this is by no means an exhaustive list, but everyone from the beginner to the seasoned pro will find something to help them learn, work, or play.



How and where to get free images for your website

Where can you go for free, high-quality images that you can use on your website without worrying about any copyright issues?

Let’s start with what NOT to do:

  1. Don’t just go to Google Images – mostly are fully copyrighted images that you can’t use without the owner’s explicit permission. If you choose to use Google Images, be sure to filter by usage rights.
    access Usage Rights filter by clicking Search Tools on the Google Image Search interface
    Google Image Search using Search Tools to filter results by Usage Rights
  2. Be careful with what’s called “royalty-free images” – they aren’t free at all most of the time; “royalty-free” just means that you don’t have to pay royalties when using them.
  3. Ignore major stock sites like iStock, Shutterstock, Fotolia … unless you want to invest money in your images, in which case, go for it.
  4. Don’t take images from other people’s sites unless they allow you to do so. Taking an image and displaying it on your site isn’t “fair use,” even if you’re linking to the source.
  5. Don’t “hotlink”. Hotlinking is when you use the url of an image on another website and make it display it on your site.

So, what should you do then?

First of all, try to get images that are made available under the CC0 License. CC0, Creative Commons Zero, is basically a “No Rights Reserved” copyright that states you can do whatever you wish with the image, and that you don’t need to credit the source if you don’t want to.

Here are my favorite sources of such images:

  1. MyStock Photos
  4. New Old Stock (
Colorado Historic Newspapers

Want to become a Top Journeyman Editor?

Maybe what you’re really asking yourself is what is a Journeyman Editor?  In the world of the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC), a journeyman editor is a text corrector.  Correcting text improves the database’s search capabilities and therefore improves the search results of fellow CHNC users.

The text correction interface is one of the many new features of the new CHNC site.  The CHNC database uses Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to read an image, in this case newspapers, and translates it into text.  OCR enables searching of large quantities of text but the translation is never 100{66eaadba41c14e7e553ffe7a4ee73fbae213b19704eda0514b3dd79e37e4c0c5} accurate.  If the translation is not accurate the database may not be able to find your search term.  The accuracy of the OCR depends on the quality of the original document.  For example, documents that are faded with small print can result in poor OCR text.  The accuracy also depends on the quality of the OCR software at the time a document was digitized.  And as we know technology improves and changes on a daily basis.  Many of the newspapers have been in the database for over 10 years and their OCR text can look like gobbledygook.

Uncorrected Text
Uncorrected Text


This is why we need more Journeyman Editors!  We need your help to improve the text.  Improved text will result in more accurate search results.  And we want you to have fun at the same time! The steps to become a Journeyman Editor are easy.

  1. Create a CHNC account.
    CHNC homepage
    CHNC home page
  2. Once you have found your desired article, make sure it is highlighted.  Clicking on the article image will highlight it.
  3. Once the article is highlighted, click “Correct this Text” and the screen will split into two sections.  The right section is the image of the original article and the left is used to correct the text.
  4. You correct the text line by line and sections at a time depending on the length of the article. When you click on the text correction section, a red box will appear over the original text to indicate where you are in the article.
    Correct text line by line
    Correct text line by line
  5. Navigate through sections by clicking “Next.” Remember to save often.  But don’t worry if you forget, the system will remind you.
  6. When you are finished correcting your article click “ Save & exit.”  The system will save the changes and return you to the normal viewing screen.
Text correction stats
Text correction stats

The systems keeps a tally of the words that you have corrected. The more words you correct the higher you will rise on the ladder to Top Journeyman Editor.  Currently Jude is our Top Journeyman Editor with over 34,000 words corrected! But RatcliffGulch isn’t far behind with over 12,000 words.  I only rank 21 out of 66. Join the fun and at the same time help improve the CHNC!


CHNC logo_w-tag

Colorado Historic Newspapers

State Library Launches New Historic Newspapers Database

The Colorado State Library is very excited to announce the launch of its new Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection (CHNC) online database, located at The new site, designed by New Zealand based-Veridian, offers public access to over 690,000 digitized pages of Colorado newspapers.  The State Library has made the new site faster, easier to navigate and more user-friendly. We want patrons to want to use it!

CHNC main page
CHNC main page

The Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection currently offers readers free online access to more than 199 local and regional newspapers, primarily including newspapers published between 1859 and 1923. The new CHNC site will eventually hold more than 2.5 million pages from 275 newspapers.  The new site delivers enhanced search capabilities, improved Optical Character Recognition (OCR), and gives users the ability to create user accounts to save and share content and finding aids, and participate in public forums and a crowd sourcing text correction interface.  Providing these tools enables us to help build a sense of community which is something we strive for.

Article with OCR text
Article with OCR text

CHNC allows K-12 students to interact directly with primary source materials by engaging with  history as it was originally recorded and interpreted — something the history books can’t even begin to do.  One Colorado teacher  who uses the site says it’s great “as a tool for teaching search strategies while working with American History classes.”  She finds “the local perspectives to be enlightening for students in many ways.

CHNC is also an excellent resource for genealogical research because of the breadth of information that can be found on individuals and families.  Newspapers often serve as the record for birth, marriage and obituaries and may also contain stories about families that cannot be found in any other sources.  CHNC makes these resources easily accessible to all.

Birth announcement, Aspen Daily Times, Sept. 10, 1942
Birth announcement, Aspen Daily Times, Sept. 10, 1942

 The CHNC is a collaborative service of the Colorado State Library (Colorado Department of Education), History Colorado, and libraries, archives and museums around Colorado.  “A newspaper is, metaphorically, the eyes, voice, and spirit of a community.” says Kerry Baldwin, Serials Manager at History Colorado.  “The recent upgrade is great news because it improves and adds to CHNC’s search capabilities, giving researchers even better tools to find specific information or discover a new Colorado story inside the pages of bygone news.”  Without our partners and the generous support of the libraries and cultural heritage organizations of Colorado, we could not continue to bring this valuable resource to the Colorado community.

Coloradans are eager to ensure that their historical record is not only preserved, but readily accessible to future generations.  To meet this objective, communities raise funds to digitize their local historic newspapers.  “One of the greatest aspects of the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection is that it captures the local and regional voice of early Coloradans. The CHNC currently represents local newspapers from 49 of the 64 counties.  It is our hope to eventually include titles from all counties, thus helping to preserve the voice of these unique areas,” says Regan Harper, Director of Networking and Resource Sharing at the Colorado State Library.  On-going support for maintaining and providing access to CHNC is paid for with state and federal funds administered by the Colorado State Library.  Anyone with an internet connection can use CHNC free of charge.  

For more information, or to request a quote to have your local newspapers added to the collection, please contact: Leigh Jeremias, Digital Collections Coordinator, Networking and Resource Sharing, Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection, Colorado State Library.